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What Is Metabolic Syndrome?

Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of health conditions that occur together and increase the risk of developing serious health problems, such as heart disease, stroke, and type 2 diabetes. These conditions include:

  1. Abdominal Obesity: This refers to carrying excess fat around the waistline. In men, a waist circumference of 40 inches (102 cm) or more, and in women, a waist circumference of 35 inches (88 cm) or more, is generally considered indicative of abdominal obesity.
  2. High Blood Pressure (Hypertension): This is when the force of blood against the walls of the arteries is consistently too high. High blood pressure is a significant risk factor for heart disease and stroke.
  3. High Blood Sugar (Hyperglycemia): Elevated blood sugar levels can be a sign of insulin resistance or prediabetes, which can eventually lead to type 2 diabetes.
  4. High Triglycerides: Triglycerides are a type of fat found in the blood. High levels of triglycerides can contribute to the buildup of fatty deposits in artery walls, increasing the risk of heart disease.
  5. Low HDL Cholesterol: High-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol is often referred to as “good” cholesterol. It helps remove excess cholesterol from the blood vessels. Low levels of HDL cholesterol are associated with an increased risk of heart disease.

The exact cause of metabolic syndrome is not fully understood, but it’s believed to be related to a combination of genetic factors, poor diet, lack of physical activity, and obesity. Insulin resistance, where the body’s cells do not respond properly to insulin (a hormone that regulates blood sugar), is a key underlying factor.

Having three or more of these conditions is generally considered to indicate metabolic syndrome. The presence of metabolic syndrome increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes. Lifestyle changes, such as adopting a healthy diet, engaging in regular physical activity, losing weight if needed, and managing stress, can help prevent or manage metabolic syndrome. In some cases, medications may also be prescribed to manage specific risk factors, such as high blood pressure or high cholesterol. Early detection and management of metabolic syndrome can significantly improve long-term health outcomes. If you suspect you might have metabolic syndrome, click here and find out how Transform Wellness Clinic can help you.